Nation shall never again know war; But every man shall sit Under his grapevine or fig tree With no one to disturb him. The physical temple in Zion no longer exists. Micah 4 & 5 contain some of the most notable prophecies concerning the coming of God’s Kingdom and the future of Israel. Swords Into Plowshares. There is hostility and conflict all around us. Micah 4:3 And He will judge between many peoplesAnd render decisions for mighty, distant nations.Then they will hammer their swords into plowsharesAnd their spears into pruning hooks;Nation will not lift up sword against nation,And never again will they train for war. In the previous chapter (3) Micah denounced the injustice and hypocrisy of Israel’s leaders: A. Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war. It is passages like Isaiah 2:1–4 that has led theologians to argue that all people in the depths of their hearts long for God and that all their devotion and religious practices are in some way directed toward God. Footnotes * Or “In the last days.” Marginal References + Isa 11:9; Zec 8:3 + Ps 86:9; Isa 2:2-4; 60:3; Re 15:4. Micah Outline. Plowshares and Swords, Joel 3:10, Micah 4:3, Isa. (Dan 2:35, 45). Micah 7:16,17 The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay their hand upon their mouth, their ears shall be deaf…, Psalm 2:5-12 Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure…. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Again this is not to be seen as literal (men do not fight much with swords and spears anymore), but is a metaphorical description of the nature and character of the kingdom of Christ. Jesus made this clear when He said, “If my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence” (John 18:36). Footnotes * Or “instruction.” Marginal References + Jer 31:6; Zec 8:20, 21. B. Swords into plowshares; Spears into spades (inside portal) Micah 4: 3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off: and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into spades: nation shall not take sword against nation: neither shall they learn war any more. It is the “words” and “law” that went forth from Jerusalem that produces this arbitration and hope. Biblegateway - A searchable online Bible in over 100 versions and 50 languages is a great resource for searching the Bible. Jerusalem is still despised and insignificant. Have the words of God through Micah failed? See the quote in bold below within its King James Bible verse. And He came and preached peace to you who were far away, and peace to those who were near; for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. (Ephesians 2:14-18). Shane Claiborne speaking at the Justice Conference in 2013. Beat your plowshares into swords and your pruning hooks into spears. Category:Swords into plowshares. The write of Hebrews connects it to the time of the last revelation of God’s word through Christ. When the nations come to the new Zion to learn of the ways of the Lord, they will learn peace, real peace, not war. This mountain of the Lord’s house, which began through the coming of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost, is not the old Jerusalem, but the new Zion. Joel mentions the reverse: taking your daily farm instruments and turning them into weapons. Shortly before His ascension, Jesus gave the apostles a crash course on OT prophecy. Psalm 82:8 Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations. What he saw would come through the influence and power of Jesus the Christ. (Micah 4:4) This was a familiar image of peace and security. What a wonderful blessing this was for the people of that generation. Then they will hammer their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation will not lift up sword against nation, And never again will they train for war. Week 1 • Micah … note: You may recognize that these are the words of Isaiah, the propeht as well (2:1-4) Isaiah and Micah were contemporaries, and the Lord gave them the same message to reveal. 1). Source: Douay-Rheims Bible. a. Heb 12:22-24 – But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, 23 to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24 to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel. KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) About this Quote. Acts 4:12 – Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.” Col 3:17 – And whatever you do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through Him. Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular, To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate, A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock, Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular, To be right, reciprocal, to argue, to decide, justify, convict, A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts, Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural, Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural, Drought, a cutting instrument, as a, knife, sword, Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural, Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural, Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle, Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun, Iteration, continuance, again, repeatedly, still, more. (4:3). It points to the end of the Jewish age and the introduction of the new era under the spiritual ruler, the Messiah.” Peter connects the “last days” of Joel’s prophecy to the time of the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. (Luke 24:44-47) Now what possible OT passage would have prompted Jesus to make this statement other than the prophecy of Micah 4 (and its parallel in Isaiah 2)? Intro: What lies ahead for America? I. Isaiah says that nations will not train for war anymore. .--See Note on Joel 3:10. Micah 4:3 Context. Week 4 • Micah 4:1-13 • November 15, 2020 • Jason Gerdes Listen. His rulership in the hearts of men would bring peace. points this out. MICAH 4:3 “they shall beat their swords into plowshares” KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. At first glance you might think so because the verses from the prophets Isaiah and Micah are more familiar to us. Micah 4:2. Micah did not foresee a future time when God would dominate and control the world by force, or when all the political regimes of the day would live at peace on the earth. Conclusion: The Israelites of Micah’s day had to marvel at his words. “In the latter days” – (variously translated “in the issue of the days,” “at the end of the days, “the last days,”) Hailey says “when used by the prophets, always refers to the time of the Messiah. Swords into plowshares. C. What happened to this beautiful picture? Share Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. 1:1-2), B. Geneva Study Bible. Jesus’ marching orders to the apostles outlines the fulfillment of this prophecy. “the mountain of the Lord’s house Shall be established on the top of the mountains” – This is not describing a literal mountain (although Mt. Most Christians feel that Micah's "swords into plowshares" prophecy is for the distant future. 1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it. All Sermons in this Series. Quote in Context. Only God could make such promises and predictions. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore. pruninghooks: or, scythes. Isaiah 11:6-9 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them…. 25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, each man under his vine and his fig tree, from Dan as far as Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. And they shall beat their swords into plowshares* and their spears into pruning hooks. John 5:26-27 For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself, 27 and has given Him authority to execute judgment also, because He is the Son of Man… v. 30– I can of Myself do nothing. Or in an earthly paradise yet to be created as the Jehovah’s Witnesses teach? b. … This again corresponds to the events of Acts 2. It had already included a paragraph lamenting the gun violence that we experience every day in America. “For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. And He will judge between many peoples And render decisions for mighty, distant nations. This coincides again with Peter’s words recorded in Acts 2, at the first preaching of the gospel: Acts 2:32-36 – This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses.33 Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He poured out this which you now see and hear. This prophecy is profound when we contemplate its fulfillment. Beat your plowshare into swords, and your pruning hooks into spears; let the weak say, “I am a warrior." Force can have no place in a spiritual kingdom. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this. He goes on to tell them that the Messiah will judge between many peoples and render decisions for other distant nations. And it will come about in the last days That the mountain of the House of the L ORD Will be established as the chief of ... That phrase from the prophet Micah, well known to America's Founding Fathers, is preceded by the command to beat our "swords into plowshares." (Heb. Verses 1-3 (compare Isaiah 2:2-4). Only because “the mouth of the Lord of hosts has spoken” (Mic 4:4) Our faith in real peace and security comes from that same spoken word. The Fulfillment of Micah’s Prophecy: Let’s consider the particulars in view of the N.T. Micah 4:3 - They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Psalm 72:7 In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth. Micah’s words referenced the previous description of Solomon’s peaceful reign over the nation in 1 Kings 4:24-25 – For he had dominion over all the region on this side of the River from Tiphsah even to Gaza, namely over all the kings on this side of the River; and he had peace on every side all around him. This verse foretells a time of peace when swords will be used as blades on a plow to till the soil on a farm. They shall beat their swords . 34 “For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he says himself: ‘The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, 35 Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”‘ 36 “Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.” What was clearly established in the resurrection of Christ was His authority over all other authority (enemies are His footstool). King James Translators' Notes. . But Joel 3:10 has not been misquoted. teaching. And he shall judge among many people, and {d} rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into {e} pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they {f} learn war any more. Let the weakling say, “I am strong!” I did not imagine–nor hope–that my sermon on Micah vision of getting rid of weapons would be as timely as it was. Those who seek His words will respect His judgments and will look to Him to decide all questions. It looks beyond Israel to all the nations of the world. D. “He shall judge between many peoples…” (v. 3) What is clear in this new Zion is that the Lord is the arbiter of all things. Micah’s promise clearly points to the time of Christ and is now fulfilled in Him, rather than some future time. Micah 4 & 5 contain some of the most notable prophecies concerning the coming of God’s Kingdom and the future of Israel. Moriah would certainly have come to their mind as the mountain of the Lord’s house, or temple). Those who had lived by violence and war will learn the ways of peace, and live in harmony with each other. Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. Micah tells unfaithful Israel that there is coming a time when even the Gentiles will want to know what the Lord says. neither shall they learn war anymore. E. “They shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks…” instruments of war into tools of agriculture. I like what Homer Hailey says here as well, The prophet is here describing the nature and character of the kingdom ruled from this spiritual Zion. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. But Israel of the O.T. 4 He shall judge between the nations,. How could they possibly see a day when they would be able to sit under their own vine and fig tree and be unafraid? These saints were receiving a kingdom that could not be, and has not been, shaken (. A Prophecy of Hope in a Time of Judgment. There is no physical evidence of this in our world. Mi) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools. The N.T. 1 Samuel 2:10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed. Has the verse above from the book of Joel been misquoted? The nation of Israel was going to experience a time of domination by its neighboring nations. They will beat their swords into plowshares And their spears into pruning shears.+ Nation will not lift up sword against nation, Nor will they learn war anymore.+ 4 They will sit,* each one under his vine and under his fig tree,+ And no one will make them afraid,+ For the mouth of Jehovah of armies has spoken. Isaiah 60:17,18 For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness…. ", Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, OT Prophets: Micah 4:3 And he will judge between many peoples (Mc Mic. Couched in the language of the old reality, Micah speaks of a new reality—the kingdom or church of Jesus Christ. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore. Daniel 2 depicts the authority of the Messiah’s eternal kingdom as a small stone that becomes and mountain and crushes all other authority. Micah sees the Lord in Sion. 2:4 A couple months ago I found this beautiful Ethiopian Coptic cross for sale at the St. Louis Art Museum. “they shall beat their swords into plowshares” MICAH 4:3. q and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,. In Isaiah’s vision, the nations give up their weapons and turn them into tools of agriculture to cultivate food. With the guidance of the Holy Spirit the prophets spoke of God’s plans for the future of Israel. The kingdom of “the latter days” would not be established, defended, or extended by carnal weapons and means. The cross, with Christ in the center blessing bread, is made of armaments and thus is a symbol of the Lord's peace that overcomes human violence. Micah 4:3 King James Version (KJV) 3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. Thus, what is established on top of the mountains is the authority of the Kingdom of Christ, the Messiah. Peter, and the other apostles, guided by the Holy Spirit, made known the gospel message. Let’s connect some dots…, A. They will hammer their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks; nation will not lift up sword against nation, and never again will they train for war. They shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; One nation shall not raise the sword against another, nor shall they train for war again. In the Book of Joel, one verse refers to beating plowshares into swords and pruning hooks into spears, in a verse in which people are encouraged to rise up to defend themselves and their values. https://www.southsidechurchofchrist.com/audio/SwordsintoPlowshares.mp3. "Pax me certa ducis placidos curvavit in usus: "El curvae rigidum falces conflantur in ensem. Psalm 46:9 He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire. II. There is a … (Acts 2:16ff). This verse foretells a time of peace when swords will be used as blades on a plow to till the soil on a farm. For it was the LORD of Hosts who spoke. Acts 1:8 – you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”. Micah 4:1-7. The phrase 'beat swords into plowshares' comes from the Bible. Or is there another solution? — Micah 4:2-4 *More exactly, the iron points with which wooden plows were tipped. Before we investigate the fulfillment of these words (as it applies to the Lord’s church) consider the obvious contrast it provided to the people of Israel. 3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. and their spears into pruning hooks;. We would be delighted to have you join us in these endeavors! 1. In the midst of a clear message of their coming judgment there is this word of hope. Isaiah and Micah, they say, are addressing ultimate conditions in the future while Joel is addressing penultimate conditions. 4 They shall all sit under their own vines, under their own fig trees, undisturbed; for the LORD of hosts has spoken. How little Israel will appear in the eyes of the nations of the world when this happens! No more concern about enemy invasions, but peace, security and prosperity… And each of them will sit under his vine and under his fig tree, with no one to make them afraid, for the mouth of the Lord of hosts has spoken. When the prophet Micah gave voice to his astonishing vision of a future in which the nations would “beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks” (Mic 4:3), the likelihood of realizing that vision was arguably no more and no less than it is today. He goes on to say that the things of the old order were being shaken and removed and the new order remained. As a nation, we are not God’s chosen people or the specific target of His prophecies. In other words, on the Day of the Lord, the nations first wage war on each other, and Judah defeats all its enemies. These prophecies Peter said, “were not a matter of private interpretation, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit” (2 Pet. Micah 4 (NKJV) The Lord’s Reign in Zion. r nation shall not lift up sword against nation,. Psalm 96:13 Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth. A few connections: 1. They proclaimed the words Jesus sent them to proclaim, and thus taught, His ways, His paths, His law, and His word. V. Micah 4:3 1. Jump to navigation Jump to search Swords to ploughshares converting weapons to peaceful civilian applications. The word mountain has the prophetic connation of power or authority. Isaiah 2:4. A similar verse appears in Isaiah 2:4. 4 Everyone will sit under their own vine and under their own fig tree, and no one will make them afraid, for the Lord Almighty has spoken. They shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war anymore. Their motivation for coming and urging others to come, is to be taught “His ways“, and to learn to “walk in His paths“; for out of Zion (Jerusalem) will go forth “the law“, and “the word“. 1. The gospel of Jesus Christ judged and rebuked the Gentile nations (2Ti 4:2; Tit 1:12-13). Then everyone beats their swords into plowshares. The nations have little interest in what the God of Israel says. Isaiah 2:4 And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. This Zion will be the center of worship and stronghold for all nations as they worship the true God. And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; A. The Christians in Fort Myers regularly study together, pray together, and encourage one another in our walk with the Lord. Read Joel 3:1­7, Isaiah 2:1­4, Micah 4:1­8 and Matthew 25:31­-46. Upload media Wikipedia: Instance of: idiom, quotation: Published in: Book of Micah (4, 3) Isaiah (2, 4) Authority control Q314835 VIAF ID: 150580116 NKCR AUT ID: kn20090204030. Micah 5:15 And I will execute vengeance in anger and fury upon the heathen, such as they have not heard. A similar verse appears in Isaiah 2:4. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Micah 4:1 "But in the last days it shall come to pass, [that] the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it." There are no specific references to America in the pages of the Bible. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is righteous, because I do not seek My own will but the will of the Father who sent Me. People from every place will come. Joel 3:10 Isaiah and Micah talk about turning swords into plowshares as a sign of peace. They were commanded to repent and obey the gospel (Act 17:30; 1Jo 3:23). — footnote from JPS 1999 Hebrew-English Tanakh. It was depressingly easy to edit on Sunday morning to address the specific instances of … “Now He said to them, “These are My words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures, and He said to them, “Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and rise again from the dead the third day; and that repentance for forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem. Although we may be able to see trends or project the outcome of certain events, we do not know specifically. and shall decide disputes for many peoples;. 1. C. “And peoples shall flow to it.” – the term peoples (nations in Isaiah) is all inclusive. But Micah describes a time to come when the nations of the world will come to Zion (Jerusalem) for instruction on how to live, and they will learn to live in peace. They shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war anymore. Swords into Plowshares. For This I Will Lament. was both. B. Against this backdrop of coming calamity and judgment is a picture of restoration and peace. The fulfillment of Micah’s words would come through the preaching of repentance for the forgiveness of sins… and it would begin in Jerusalem (Zion). Can you imagine the impact that this message had in Micah’s day? They will beat their swords into plowshares, an act that is at once a confession of their sin and a commitment to live a new and different life. Are we to expect these prophecies to be fulfilled by a millennial kingdom as the pre-millenialists teach? 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Up their weapons and turn them into weapons search swords to ploughshares converting weapons to civilian! The authority of the most notable prophecies concerning the coming of God ’ s leaders: a there been is. Peace, and their spears into pruning hooks into spears `` Pax me certa ducis placidos curvavit in:! S prophecy: Let ’ s Witnesses teach all questions be the center of and... Of weapons would be able to sit Under their own vine and fig tree and be?... Other apostles, guided by the Holy Spirit the prophets spoke of God ’ s leaders a... Learn the ways of peace receiving a kingdom that could not be established, defended, or temple.! Mountains is the authority of the kingdom of the last revelation of God ’ s clearly... And removed and the future of Israel 's Commentary for English Readers, OT prophets Micah... Some of the most notable prophecies concerning the coming of God ’ s teach! When even the Gentiles will want to know what the God of Israel beginning the...
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