Noxious Weed Program. Russian olive may also escape from cultivation, but so far is less common. University of Pennsylvania. It was introduced to North America in the early 1900s as a landscaping tree because it was thought to be useful as a windbreak, soil stabilizer, and habitat provider. University of California. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Russian Olive, Fact Sheet: Russian Olive (Aug 2015) (PDF | 850 KB), Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands -, Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands, Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 7 - Autumn-Olive and Russian-Olive (PDF | 213 KB), Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Russian Olive and Autumn Olive (PDF | 223 KB), Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States: Russian-olive (2013) (PDF | 217 KB), Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (Nov 2011) (PDF | 164 KB), Introduced Species Summary Project - Russian Olive, Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Russian Olive, Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Autumn Olive / Russian Olive. 1994. moniifera) and the exotic Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.). Weed Research and Information Center. April 1999. Not a true olive, it is a native of Asia, and its large, speckled, yellow or reddish-brown berries appeal only marginally to birds and small mammals. 2003. Hoshovsky (Editors). 946-954 ISSN: 0141-8130 Invasive to Avoid: Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Russian olive is a perennial deciduous tree native to Europe and Asia. Elaeagnus angustifolia. Wisconsin Dept. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Russian Olive. Native to southern Europe and western Asia, Elaeagnus angustifolia is commonly found growing along floodplains, riverbanks, stream courses, marshes, and irrigation ditches Seedlings are tolerant of shade and the plant thrives in a variety of soil and moisture conditions, including bare mineral substrates.E. Autumn olive is an introduced, fast-growing woody shrub in the Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster) family. It is a non-native, invasive species. Maryland Cooperative Extension Service. USDA. Growth habit: Fast growing and invasive. The nitrogen-fixing capabilities of these species can interfere with the nitrogen cycle of nativ… Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, and parts of Pakistan. YouTube; Montana Department of Agriculture. Author: Sharifian-Nejad, Mohammad Sadegh; Shekarchizadeh, Hajar Source: International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.124 pp. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Zouhar, K. 2005. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. Cooperative Extension. See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Elaeagnus angustifolia The related Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is also invasive in Maryland. It is native to temperate Eurasia but has become especially invasive in riverine areas in the western USA, and is increasingly common in areas already invaded by exotic saltcedars (Tamarix spp… Used extensively for wildlife habitat, strip mine revegetation, and shelter belts, autumn olive thrives in disturbed areas open to full sun. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. General Information Scientific name: Elaeagnus angustifoliaPronunciation: eel-ee-AG-nus an-gus-tih-FOLE-ee-uhCommon name(s): Russian olive, oleasterFamily: ElaeagnaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 3A through 8B (Fig. University of Maine. Google. It takes over streambanks, lakeshores and prairies, choking out native vegetation. GRIN-Global. University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Online Resources. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is invasive in California. Exact date unknown; was introduced to the central and western U.S. by the early 1900s (Zouhar 2005), Introduced as a horticultural plant (Zouhar 2005). Also included is how to report sightings of this invasive plant. 2000. Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. Although Elaeagnus angustifolia is not considered to be invasive in New England at this time, in the western part of the United States it is considered invasive as well as a noxious weed in some states. It is planted for decoration and has now become invasive. Conservation Services Division. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Although Elaeagnus angustifolia is not considered to be invasive in New England at this time, in the western part of the United States it is considered invasive as well as a noxious weed in some states. Russian olive is a deciduous tree with narrow silver leaves, clustered greenish-yellow fruits, and shaggy bark. angustifolia can withstand competition from other shrubs and trees and can spread vegetatively by … When people and animals leave the roots behind they repeatedly re-sprout and keep spreading. Woody Invasives of the Great Lakes Collaborative. Colorado Department of Agriculture. In New England, autumn olive has escaped from cultivation and is progressively invading natural areas. A better form of Elaeagnus would be Elaeagnus pungens, which has broad evergreen foliage. Both autumn olive and Russian olive tolerate poor soil conditions and may alter the processes of natural succession. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. Also, several Asiatic species of Elaeagnus have become established as introduced species in North America, with some of these species being considered invasive, or even designated as noxious, in portions of the United States. 2003. It can … E. angustifolia can invade both open upland and riparian bottomland (marshland and other wetland) communities, alter the course of plant succession, and ultimately result in lowered levels of native plant and animal diversity. It grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a form of eleagnus, but it is often considered an invasive plant in most states other than in the south, where it can struggle to grow well. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) This plant is invasive in the following regions: CV Central Valley; DT Desert; NC North and Central Coast; SC South Coast; Map of regions (click to enlarge) Description. In online book: Bossard, C.C., J.M. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Columbia University. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive or oleaster is native to Europe and Asia. Elizabeth Brusati, project manager California Invasive Plant Council 1442A Walnut St. #462, Berkeley, CA 94709 510-843-3902 edbrusati@cal-ipc.org APWG WeedUS Database Miller, J.H. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. It grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata; invasive) grows to be 20 feet tall. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) was introduced to North America as an ornamental shrub and as a windbreak plant in the late 1800s. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. As of 2020, it is widely established in North America as an introduced species. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. var. This invasive plant can be identified by silver scales that cover new stems, leaves, flowers, and fruit. Russian olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia (invasive) – has longer, narrower leaves that are silvery on top as well as on the underside. Most commonly Russian olive is a woody shrub, but is capable of reaching heights of 20 feet. It displaces native plants by creating dense shade, altering soil chemistry, and interfering with natural plant succession. orientalis (L.) Kuntze, Elaeagnus hortensis M. Bieb, Elaeagnus It is a particular threat to open and semi-open areas. 4 pp. E. angustifolia, the Russian olive, is one of several species of Elaeagnus that has proven invasive. Common Name: Autumn Olive Scientific Name: Elaeagnus umbellata (Thunb.) Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is invasive in the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest. Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada). [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Cooperative Extension. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. ... "Russian-olive: Elaeagnus angustifolia (Rhamnales: Elaeagnaceae ): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States." University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation. Here are a few maps that show the distribution of Russian olive across the planet. This deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub or single trunked tree can grow to 20’ or more in height. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States, West Virginia Invasive Species Strategic Plan and Volunteer Guidelines 2014, West Virginia Native Plant Society, Flora West Virginia Project, and West Virginia Curatorial Database System, September 3, 1999, Wisconsin's Invasive species rule – NR 40, Weed Science Society of America Common Names List, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Indiana Invasive Species Council - Invasive Plant List, Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007. North Carolina State University. Although Elaeagnus angustifolia is not considered to be invasive in New England at this time, in the western part of the United States it is considered invasive as well as a noxious weed in some states. (invasive) – leaves are arranged opposite each other along the twigs and they do not have silvery scales on leaves or twigs. Conservation Biology 9:1169-1175. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Invasive Exotic Plants of Canada Fact Sheet No. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org, State List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. Reichard, Sarah. See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive plants in Pennsylvania Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio's Forests: Autumn Olive ( Eleagnus umbellata ) and Russian Olive ( Eleagnus angustifolia ) (Feb 2012) Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) can be a small shrub or tree depending on the amount of time it has been growing undisturbed. 1997. ; Non-native bush honeysuckles, Lonicera spp. It negatively impacts natural areas by creating dense, monotypic stands that outcompete native vegetation, modifying vegetation structure, and displacing native wildlife. 14. Maryland Department of Natural Resources Policy: Restriction on Planting Exotic Invasive Plants, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Exotic Plant Management Team Invasive Plant List, New Jersey Invasive Species Strike Team 2017 Invasive Species List, Non-Native Invasive Plants of Arlington County, Virginia, Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems, Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Invasive Plants. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) Plant Guide Subject: Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) is a large, thorny, perennial deciduous tree or small shrub that usually grows 10 to 25 feet tall. Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA Identification Technology Program, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Oleaster Family – Elaeagnaceae. 102pp. Flowers are creamy-white to light yellow; fruits are small, fleshy, egg-shaped, pink to red with silver scales. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants. National Botanical Services, Ottawa, ON, Canada. ARS. Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. For more information, visit Invasive.org, Other Common Names: Russian olive, oleaster, Last updated October 2018 / Privacy National Genetic Resources Program. Germination and establishment of the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides Marshall subsp. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. University of Georgia. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. It is a small, usually thorny, deciduous tree or large shrub that is typically grown for its silvery foliage, small fragrant yellow flowers, olive-like fruit and ease of cultivation. The currently accepted name for Russian-olive is Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Elaeagnaceae) [46,51,74,87,93,94,98,107,161,194,197,198]. Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian-olive) grows as a tree or shrub (family Elaeagnaceae) and is found in disturbed, seasonally moist places, generally below 5,000 feet (1500 m) elevation. Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Moderate Threat. It grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides). E. angustifolia can also alter nutrient cycling and system hydrology by spreading throughout woodlands, c… NAME OF SPECIES: Elaeagnus angustifolia L.. Synonyms: Elaeagnus angustifolia var. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Keywords: Plant Guide, Russian olive, Elaeagnus angustifolia L., small tree, non-native, invasive The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum. Although grown as a small ornamental tree, the Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is considered invasive in certain parts of the United States. Cooperative Extension. Elaeagnus angustifolia NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Its leaves are dark green on top and silver-gray on the underside, lance-shaped or elliptic, with entire, wavy margins. Elaeagnus angustifolia. John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. Randall, and M.C. Questions and/or comments to the Bugwood Webmaster, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas, City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation. According to Vines [ 191 ] and Weber and Wittman [ 197 ], several varieties of Russian-olive are known in cultivation, and differ primarily in leaf size and shape [ 191 ]. orientalis (L.) Kuntze: Classification. Russian olive, or Elaeagnus angustifolia, is native to Europe.On other continents, it is reported as an invasive species since it crowds native vegetation out.. In: Fire Effects Information System.
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