C. ovalis (Wangenh.) This species 
is polymorphic in New England and consists of two intergrading morphologies. VT; reaching its northern limit in southern Non-native: introduced C. glabra (P. Mill.) In older specimens the bark is dark brown and has a network of grooves. The gray bark is shallowly ridged and furrowed [10,17]. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license: • Also covers those considered historical (not seen Wood is great for smoking meat. We depend on However, the majority of botanists now consider Sweet Pignut Hickory to be a distinct species, Carya ovalis. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. megacarpa (with larger fruits and longer terminal leaflets) in the Coastal Plain, though the ranges of these two are not well known. C. glabra s.s. Bark: Carya carolinae-septentrionalis southern shagbark hickory: limestone soils: Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory: streambanks, moist forests: Carya glabra pignut hickory: abundant on dry ridges > Carya illinoinensis (pecan) bottomland forests, planted: Carya laciniosa shellbark (kingnut) hickory: Carya ovalis. Trunk bark is gray to gray-brown and somewhat rough, consisting of elongated ridges with flattened tops and shallow furrows. H. glabra (P. Mill.) Pignut hickory is a dark-gray-colored hickory that grows up to 50 to 60 feet tall. Pignut hickory (Carya glabra) is also commonly referred to as sweet pignut. Can you please help us? hirsuta (Ashe) Ashe; It is slow growing, medium to tall tree typically reaching 60 to 80 feet in height. For details, please check with your state. In Europe it is found only occasionally in parks and gardens. Trees with exfoliating bark, reddish petioles, and small, compressed, ellipsoid fruits that dehisce to the base (i.e., C . The hickory bark beetle may be a signifi cant pest on this tree. megacarpa (Sarg.) in 20 years). Typical C. glabra has usually 5 leaflets; pear shaped fruits with smooth husks which do not open fully; ‘tight’ bark in mature trees. × odorata (Marshall) Little Carya leiodermis (Wangenheim) Sargent Carya magnifloridana Small Carya ovalis (Nuttall) ... Bark light gray, smooth or fissured or exfoliating with small platelike scales or narrow strips. Though Manning (1950) maintained these two as separate species, 
he stated that trees with fruits intermediate between Carya ovalis, when older, characteristically has “shaggy” or scaly bark, while in C. glabra the bark remains tight and not scaly. ; The husks split all the way to the base in C. ovalis and only halfway in C. glabra. Bark of a medium-sized tree. All images and text © Some authorities even refuse to recognize it as a variety. Distribution. Twigs reddish brown, slender, essentially glabrous or sparsely scaly. hirsuta (with densely pubescent rachis) in the Mountains and var. In its original habitat C. glabra is an imposing tree growing to a height of approx. The notably tomentose leaflets, rachis and branchlets are characteristic and are the origin of the specific epithet. English: The bark of a Pignut Hickory tree (Carya glabra) growing in Hollis, New Hampshire. 30 m; when cultured it is usually somewhat smaller. 1). Note: when native and non-native Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. pallida , and C . you. All Characteristics, the fruit is dry and splits open when ripe, the fruit is dry but does not split open when ripe, the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated, the bark of an adult plant is thin and smooth, the bark of an adult plant peels off easily or hangs off, the winter bud scales have no hairs on them, the winter buds are globose (spherical, globe-shaped), the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the fruit is a drupe (fleshy, with a firm inner ovary wall that encloses a single seed), the fruit is a nut (dry and indehiscent, with a hard wall, usually containing only one seed and usually subtended by an involucre), the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the base of the leaf blade is attenuate (tapering very gradually to a prolonged tip), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblanceolate (lance-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin has teeth, which themselves have smaller teeth on them, the leaf blade margin is serrulate (with forward-pointing) or denticulate (with outward-pointing) with tiny teeth, the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor. ; Bark is coarsely textured. ovalis ) are more common at higher latitudes. You may find bitternut, mockernut, and pignut hickory trees with a similar trunk diameter, but a height of around 50 to 70 feet. Young trees have smooth grey bark. Leaves pinnately compound, which turn golden-yellow in color in the fall. Old trees are valued for their tough durable wood. to exist in the county by Carya glabra. glabra. pignut (Carya glabra) trunk / bark. RI, All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. ... or Carya glabra odorata. Palmer is a very rare hickory hybrid known from Mainly dry-mesic, sometimes thin, soils of forests, woodlands, and ridges. Carya Species: glabra Family: Juglandaceae Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Southeastern U.S.A., NC Distribution: Found in Maine south to FL west to LA and OK north through Missouri, IO, east through WI and MI Wildlife Value: Carya glabra - Leaves. post VT. Ecology Habitat. Carya glabra Figure 1. 2.  to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The crown is irregularly oval. Found this plant? Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0), Environmental Other: It is primarily native to hillsides and ridges in somewhat dry soils, but may also be found in some moist soils. Carya glabra (Mill.) megacarpa Sargent Carya glabra var. Trunk bark varies somewhat according to the maturity of the tree. C. glabra and All rights reserved. Neutral: On Aug 29, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote: (intentionally or One look at the shaggy grey bark of this tree, with its long curled platy strips, and it is easy to see why its common name is shagbark hickory. Even though, it is difficult to identify different hickory species on the basis of tree height, there are certain factors that may help you in this task. The wood is long- and steady-burning, providing excellent fuel, while the wood smoke imparts the characteristic hickory-smoked flavor to bacon, ham, and other products. Ornamental Other: Average Dried Weight: 52 lbs/ft 3 (835 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.66, .83. Sweet. Carya glabra - Leaves, Catkins. the state. Old trees are valued for their tough durable wood. floridana , C . Carya glabra glabra Walnut family (Juglandaceae) Description: This tree is 60-80' tall, consisting of a long straight trunk, ascending to spreading branches, and an oblongoid crown. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Sweet Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. CT, MA, NH, Carya glabra C. ovalis are almost 
as frequent as trees with characteristic fruits. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust VT into northern counties. Show Young trees have smooth grey bark. Plants with close bark, frequently green petioles, and drupes with exocarps tardily splitting (or not splitting at all) represent There's also var. The crown is irregularly oval. Hickory is susceptible to leaf spot, powdery mildew and crown gall but is resistant to Verticillium wilt. As a street tree piglets nut is inappropriate as it yields many hard nuts in the fall. C. glabra is found in the southeastern corner of the United States, as well as the Ontario region of Canada. The undersides of the compound leaves of pignut hickory are mostly smooth (glabrous), only occasionally hairy -- hence its Latin name (glabra). County documented: documented texana , and it is reported to hybridize with the diploid C . Hickory trees belong to the walnut family (Juglandaceae) and are in the plant genus Carya. Unfortunately, even this character, like others, is not fully reliable, for intermediates occur. Take a photo and Typical ‘ C. ovalis’ has usually 7 leaflets; fruits which are not pear shaped, with warty husks, sometimes winged along the sutures and tending to dehisce fully; and bark which separates into long, thin strips. state. Young trees have smooth grey bark. Fall color is very pretty with yellow leaves. Sweet symbol: CAGL8 Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 8 to 12 inches long, with 5 (sometimes 7) leaflets, leaflets are lanceolate and serrate, rachis slender and glabrous, green above and paler below. It does not transplant easily as it has a large taproot. Carya glabra: Pignut Hickory 3 Fruit Fruit shape: ellipsoid, obovoid Fruit length: 1 to 2 ½ inches Fruit covering: dry or hard nut that is enclosed in a 4-valved husk; splits half-way down the base with maturity Fruit color: green to brown Fruit characteristics: attracts squirrels/mammals; not … Carya glabra, commonly called pignut hickory, is a medium to large, deciduous tree with a straight trunk and rounded crown that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 100’) tall. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. HICKORY BARK EXTRACT (CARYA GLABRA) 8A880ASK2M Overview Names 2: Concept Definition Relationships 1: Audit Info References 4: Substance Class: Concept Record UNII: 8A880ASK2M. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Note that he also wrote these two species 
could only be separated by examination of mature fruits. C. glabra is found in a wide variety of forests and woodlands, but most often non-wetland areas. Hicoria 
glabra (P. Mill.) In older specimens the bark is … in part by the National Science Foundation. The sturdy wood is highly shock-resistant and has been made into structures, such as skis and wagon axles, that have to withstand bumps and strains. The usual variety in the NC Piedmont is var. var. Hickory trees grow to between 60 and 80 ft. (18 – 24 m) tall with a spread of up to 40 ft. (12 m). Scientific Name: Carya glabra. Like Carya laciniosa, the species has large winter buds, but its bark does not exfoliate. Your help is appreciated. At that time, the crown of the same tree had a spread of 85 feet. Your browser does not support the audio element. Britt. populations both exist in a county, only native status 4. 2020 Carya glabra intergrades with C . Carya cordiformis × Carya glabra → Carya ×‌demareei Palmer is a very rare hickory hybrid known from VT. Mature Pignut Hickory. In its original habitat C. glabra is an imposing tree growing to a height of approx. var. The shortest among the hickory species is shellbark, with a height of around 30 to 60 feet, and a trunk diameter of one to three feet. It is identified by its smooth bark, leaves with mostly 7 leaflets, drupes with thin exocarp (2–3 mm thick) and exocarp sutures with very narrow wings, and terminal winter Exact status definitions can vary from state to 30 m; when cultured it is usually somewhat smaller. This majestic tree can reach heights of 100 feet (30 meters) or more. A champion Ohio specimen (Franklin County) was 120 feet tall in 1987. NH, but extending north along western donations to help keep this site free and up to date for hirsuta Ashe The deciduous, 6 … Pignut Hickory1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A North American native, Pignut Hickory is usually seen at 50 to 65 feet in height with a 30 to 40-foot-spread but is capable of slowly reaching 120 feet in the forest (Fig. Sarg. It is found in Canada and the Eastern part of the United States. The nuts are rich in fats and proteins, and large quantities are consumed by bears and many other mammals. This page was last edited on 19 November 2014, at 15:07. Copyright: various copyright holders. a sighting. The Go Botany project is supported hirsuta (Ashe) Sarg. See graphic below, difficult to transplant, native to eastern North America, Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph, Carya glabra - Leaves, Seeds, Fall Interest. Other pests may include canker worm, gall aphid and borers. Shagbark hickory may grow to a height o… Carya Bark of a mature tree. well-adapted to temperature extremes, Soil Ph: (Wetland indicator code: Carya glabra, the pignut hickory, is a common, but not abundant species of hickory in the oak-hickory forest association in the Eastern United States and Canada.Other common names are pignut, sweet pignut, coast pignut hickory, smoothbark hickory, swamp hickory, and broom hickory.The pear-shaped nut ripens in September and October and is an important part of the diet of many wild animals. Britt. unintentionally); has become naturalized. It has a straight trunk, which sometimes branches close to the ground, ... Bark The bark is gray and smooth when the tree is young. Prefers full sun to partial shade. Plants with 
bark exfoliating in longitudinal plates, frequently red petioles, and drupes with exocarps promptly dehiscing to the base have been called Carya glabra More damage here in Indiana with a variety of pests. Also covers Characters of the buds and bark are taxonomically important in Carya, but shoots with terminal buds and information about bark characteristics are frequently absent on herbarium specimens. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra) Pignut hickory is not an abundant species of hickory. Carya glabra - Bark. description: The pignut is native to the North American east coast naturally, from Florida up to the Canadian Ontario. Sweet var. Carya cordiformis, C. glabra, and C. ovata are grown extensively in central Europe for timber. Carya glabra NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Additional Information: The genus name, Carya, is from the Greek name for walnut tree; the species name, glabra, means 1×2. Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. Orange Co., NC 7/4/03. Date: 7 December 2013, 14:21:11: Source: Own work: Author: Rob Duval: Licensing . → Sarg. … It is identified by its smooth bark, leaves with mostly 7 leaflets, drupes with thin exocarp (2–3 mm thick) and exocarp sutures with very narrow wings, and terminal winter 
buds with weakly imbricate, yellow-brown to light red-brown scales.